Healthy Gingiva (gums)
It has an appearance showing a slightly stippled surface texture alongside a regular gingival line with the teeth while having a dull coral pink color.
What is Gingivitis?
Healthy gingiva demonstrates a dull coral pink color, high consistency, and appears like orange-peel.
If teeth are not brushed regularly and oral hygiene is not maintained, microbial plaques accumulate on the teeth. Plaque is a sticky layer including bacteria which forms on the tooth surface and inbetween the teeth.
What is Periodontitis?
Generally, periodontitis starts with gingivitis in all the cases. If proper treatment is not performed and oral hygiene is not restored, gingivitis progresses to periodontitis.
Uncleaned calculus and plaques accumulating on the tooth surface lead to gingival inflammation (gingivitis) in time. Receding gums occurs and followed by bone destruction. This is called periodontitis.
Bone loss in a tooth leads to reduction of supportive tissues of the tooth. If untreated, this bone loss may result in tooth loss.
Symptoms of the Periodontitis:
Untreated periodontal diseases are recognized as one of the leading causes of tooth loss in the adult population.
Periodontal Surgery Steps
Demonstrates a shiny surface and swelled appearance due to edema and shows an irregular margin around the tooth. There may be a persistent pain. Bleeding occurs during brushing, eating, and probing. This inflammation leads to a foul mouth odor.
Causes of Gingival Recession:
Grades of Gingivitis
1-Gingivitis: Red gums, shiny and edematous appearance, disappearance of orange-peel look, bleeding on probing and brushing.
2-Periodontitis (Early stage): Redness, pain, swelling, mild pain, spontaneous hemorrhage or bleeding on brushing in the gums alongside mild foul mouth odor. Those patients demonstrate a marked accumulation of tartar and plaque.
3-Periodontitis (Developed stage):Redness, swelling, bleeding on brushing, pain in gums; foul mouth odor, receding gums and bone loss are observed. High level of tartar accumulation is present. Moreover, teeth begin to exhibit mild mobility due to excessive bone loss.
4-Periodontitis (Advanced stage): Gums begin to display a color of purple-red, spontaneous hemorrhage or bleeding on brushing, abscesses and severe foul mouth odor, receding gums, serious bone losses are present. These patients show a severe accumulation of tartars, and their teeth appear to be mobile due to excessive bone destruction which may require extraction.
Treatment of Gingivits
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